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Theory of the Nuclear Magnetic 1/T1 Relaxation Rate in Conventional and Unconventional Magnets (Springer Theses)

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  • ISBN-13: 9783319004334
  • Publisher: Springer
  • Release Date: Aug 11, 2013
  • Edition: 2013
  • Pages: 165 pages
  • Dimensions: 0.6 x 9.2 x 6.0 inches

Overview

One of the best ways to "lift the lid" on what is happening inside a given material is to study it using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Of particular interest are NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, which measure how fast energy stored in magnetic nuclei is transferred to surrounding electrons.
 
This thesis develops a detailed, quantitative theory of NMR 1/T1 relaxation rates, and shows for the first time how they could be used to measure the speed at which energy travels in a wide range of magnetic materials.
 
This theory is used to make predictions for"Quantum Spin Nematics", an exotic form of quantum order analogous to a liquid crystal.  In order to do so, it is first necessary to unravel how spin nematics transport energy. This thesis proposes a new way to do this, based on the description of quarks in high-energy physics.
 
Experiments to test the ideas presented are now underway in laboratories across the world.

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